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POLITICS-SUDAN: African Leaders Call for Peaceful Elections

Amelia Lawrence

NAIROBI, Mar 20 2010 (IPS) - With less than a month to the historic multi-party poll in Africa’s largest country, Sudan, eminent African leaders are calling for a peaceful and calm election process.

As the countdown begins for an election that will see millions of Sudanese vote for the first time in 24 years, there remain concerns about the prospects for peaceful elections.

Observers from the Carter Centre, a non-governmental organisation founded by former U.S. president Jimmy Carter which aims to further democracy and human rights, have already raised concerns about the elections.

The centre said in a statement that, “with a series of delays and changes in polling procedures, a minor delay in polling for operational purposes may be required.”

Former African Union envoy for Darfur and former Organisation of African Union head, Dr Salim Ahmed Salim, said he hoped the elections “will give the people of Sudan the right to decide who they want to have in power.”

This is a view shared by former Mozambican President and African Union envoy for Madagascar, Joachim Chissano.

“The message to the Sudanese people is that peace comes first, permanent dialogue is an instrument to build peace and development in the country,” said Chissano during a sideline event at the Pan African Media Conference in Kenya.

Chissano, Salim and head of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, Dr Mohammed “Mo” Ibrahim, were speaking in Nairobi on the Sudanese election and the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

“Whatever the difficulties, the dialogue for peace must continue,” said Chissano.

Ibrahim was hoping for much more: “I hope a miracle happens so that people can see beyond their noses and beyond their immediate interests.”

Almost 16 million Sudanese have registered for the Apr. 11 election that will take place over three days. The elections were promised in the 2005 peace deal that ended more than two decades of north-south civil war.


But there are concerns about the process leading up to the poll. Carter Centre officials have issued a report saying Sudan’s April presidential and legislative elections remain “at risk on multiple fronts” and urged the country to lift harsh restrictions on rallies.

The centre stated that it “strongly recommends that the NEC (National Elections Committee) and other Sudanese authorities take steps to ensure that the campaign period is both peaceful and fair to all candidates and to quickly address any violations that arise.” They said that failure to do so will erode confidence in the election process and put the elections and its success at risk.

Several political parties have called for a postponement of the elections. But it has been reported from the capital, Khartoum, that the country’s NEC has downplayed any fears of postponing the elections. The NEC said a series of meetings involving all political parties will be organised to address any concerns before the elections.

“Voting for a Southern President?”

Sudanese born British mobile tycoon, Ibrahim suggested that North Sudan vote for a president from the south. This, he says, will convince the south to vote for unity in the 2011 referendum, when voters will decide whether to secede from the north.

“I always say one way to the miracle of solving the country’s problems, is why don’t we have a president from southern Sudan? Why don’t all the candidates say ok, let us have a president from the south? It does not matter whether he or she as long as it is someone from the south who is fit to run the country.”

There are 12 candidates running for the presidential position. There are two main contenders in the south: Salva Kiir, from the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and Lam Akol, from the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – Democratic Change.

Ibrahim said that the north should give the south a chance to lead the entire country.

2011 and beyond?

Salim said the 2011 referendum for South Sudan remains a thorny and emotive issue. “My own view is that whether the South opts for secession, it’s their right to do so, but the situation must be handled with care,” he said.

Salim says the north has to make unity attractive to South Sudan and admits that this has not been done. “My preference is to keep one country, a united Sudan,” Salim said.

This view was shared by Ibrahim: “I hope Sudan stays one country, so that one day we can fix it. Because once it is broken, we can never put it back together again.”

Salim said Africa cannot afford to have another country divided and that such a division will have consequences beyond the borders of Sudan.

He added that “Africa will prefer one Sudan”. But Africa will respect the will of the southerners if they vote in favour of a split, Salim added.

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