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Friday, April 19, 2019
UNITED NATIONS, Apr 5 2018 (IPS) - The international community has pledged over two billion dollars towards urgently needed humanitarian assistance to Yemen during a UN event.
Convened by the UN along with the Governments of Sweden and Switzerland, a High-Level Pledging Event brought together the international community to support suffering Yemenis facing a seemingly “forgotten war.”
“This pledging conference represents a remarkable success of international solidarity to the people of Yemen,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
“Yemen’s situation today is catastrophic. But with international support, we can and must prevent this country from becoming a long-term tragedy,” he added.
Forty countries and organizations pledged 2.01 billion dollars towards the 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP) which requested 2.96 billion for lifesaving assistance to 13 million people across the Middle Eastern nation.
Last year’s donor conference raised 1.1 billion dollars in aid.
With the destructive conflict soon entering its fourth year, Yemen has become one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises.
According to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), more than 22 million people, or 75 percent of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Though both sides are complicit, a Saudi Arabian-imposed blockade has particularly led to severe shortages in food, medicine, and other basic needs.
Approximately 18 million are food-insecure, including over 8 million who are on the brink of famine, and the lack of access to water has led to the world’s largest cholera epidemic.
With the rainy season soon to commence, many are concerned that the number of cholera cases will multiply yet again.
While humanitarian resources are extremely important in saving lives, they are not enough, said Guterres.
“We need unrestricted access everywhere inside Yemen and we need all the parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian law, and to protect civilians,” he continued.
Both Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden Isabella Lovin and Switzerland’s Vice President Ueli Maurer echoed similar sentiments.
“Humanitarian aid alone cannot be the response to the growing needs of the Yemeni people endangered by the armed conflict,” Maurer said.
In addition to unfettered aid access, the hosts highlighted the need for a political process and a political solution.
Though efforts continue to try to bring warring parties to the negotiating table, attacks persist, terrorizing the people of Yemen.
Most recently, an air strike by the Saudi-led coalition left 12 people dead in the coastal city of Hodeidah. Houthi forces later retaliated by targeting the southern region of Saudi Arabia with a missile.
Groups such as Human Rights Watch and a number of UN experts have pointed to the Saudi-led coalition’s indiscriminate air strikes as disproportionately affecting civilians over the last year.
Meanwhile, among the generous donors at the conference are Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates – who have fueled Yemen’s conflict. The two countries donated 930 million dolars, one of the biggest contributions the UN has ever received, prompting the UN Security Council to consider a British proposal praising the Middle Eastern nations.
The move, however, has raised ethical questions among many.
“The Security Council should be naming and shaming everyone,” said Human Rights Watch’s UN Director Louis Charbonneau.
“A statement that condemns one side, the Houthis, but doesn’t even mention the abuses of the other, the Saudi-led coalition, simply nurtures the atmosphere of impunity,” he added.
Guterres called for the full respect for international humanitarian law and an inclusive intra-Yemeni dialogue.
“Millions of people depend for their survival on the decisions we take today,” he concluded.
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