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Tuesday, September 26, 2023
CAIRO, Feb 15 2011 (IPS) - Before his ouster on Friday, toppled Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak had made one of the biggest mistakes of his reign; not learning from the lessons of hundreds of small labour and professional strikes that littered the country since 2005. These were the actual precursors to the Jan. 25 Revolution that end his 30-year autocratic rule.
“We were lucky that the regime failed in its arrogance and aloofness to draw lessons from the many strikes and protests over the past five years,” said Mohammed Fathy, 46, a labour activist in El-Mahala, whose bid for office in the government-sponsored General Labour Union was stifled because of his anti-regime views.
“We were even luckier that they didn’t understand that there were genuine economic, professional and labour grievances; especially here in Al-Mahala on April 6, 2008.”
It was on April 6, 2008 that Egypt saw the first example, in decades, of labour action spilling over into a popular uprising – a mini revolution on the streets of this industrial city that attracted men, women and children.
It was here that labour activists organized two days of massive protests that saw local residents leaving their homes, and pulling down Mubarak’s pictures and posters for the first time since he came to office in 1981.
That signaled the birth of the anti-Mubarak Internet activists group, the April 6 Movement which took its name from that historic day.
Had Mubarak taken note of the labour protests, he may have learned some ways to pre-empt or foil the Jan. 25 Revolution, labour leaders here say.
“The reaction of the Mubarak supporters was that we are just a bunch of kids who can be easily crushed by the police. Their only response was more and more security – nothing political and nothing economic. They didn’t realize how upset the country’s labour force is,” Fathy said.
The country’s labour force is upset indeed – even today, days after Mubarak’s ouster. Years of police harassment, anti-worker policies and poor economic conditions have left a deep scar on the country’s workers who until today feel left out of a rightful place.
Little wonder then that labour protests continue here unabated, prompting the Supreme Council for the Armed Forces, that is running the country, to issue its fifth communiqué specifically calling on labour leaders to tone down their protests.
The interim government of Ahmed Shafiq had complained to the Supreme Council that continuing strikes are not helping bring life back to normal in this nation of 85 million.
Almost every sector of the economy; from chemicals production to schools and telecommunications is being affected.
The Central Bank of Egypt had to give the banking sector an unplanned holiday on Monday, to go with a religious holiday on Tuesday, in a bid to foil growing strikes among bank workers demanding investigation into high payment for top executives.
Even the police are blaming poor pay for corruption within the force, and are protesting for better job benefits.
This wave of post-Mubarak strikes is highlighting a split among labour leaders; between those who want immediate benefits for workers in the heat of the moment and those who want to give the new caretaker government some time to catch its breath, and time to meet labour demands.
“We should give the new rule some time, but fight for rights still,” said Mohamed Mourad, a railway worker and labour activist in El-Mahala.
Mourad said Mubarak’s fall is meanwhile good news for the country’s disgruntled workforce as it means an end to some of the anti-workers policies.
“With Mubarak gone, his policies that impoverished workers and pulverized independent labour unions will be gone too,” said Mourad as he sipped black tea in his railway office surrounded by several co-workers nodding in support.
Mourad specifically mentioned policies of privatizing state-run companies, tampering with labour union elections, and police interference as impediments that will sink with Mubarak.
While this may be true, it still doesn’t offer immediate relief for impatient workers, suppressed and suffering for years.
Here in El-Mahala the average base salary for textile workers at Egypt for Weaving and Spinning, the largest textile factory in the Middle East with 25,000 workers, is only 600 Egyptian pounds (102 dollars). Most workers end up working one or more extra jobs.
For that to be corrected, they suggest that the new government work to confiscate billions in dollars in wealth of corrupt members of the former regime and invest that for the benefits of workers.
Mubarak spent heavily on security and that could be trimmed too to re- channel funds for the impoverished workers, according to Hamdi Hussein, a leading labour activist.
Labour leaders say that most strikes and labour protests have three goal; ending corruption at the top management at some companies, increasing the minimum base wage to at least 1,500 Egyptian pounds (255 dollars), and holding free elections for labour unions.
“If those three demands are not meet soon,” said Hussein, who works for the Coordinating Committee for Labour Freedoms and Rights, “workers will continue to act until the revolution means real change for them.”
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