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Saturday, September 5, 2015
- With a huge hug, Olga Reyes from Chihuahua, who has lost six family members in Mexico’s wave of drug-related violence, greets Araceli Rodríguez from Mexico state, the mother of a young federal police officer who “disappeared” in Michoacán two years ago. They are both travelling with the Peace Caravan, heading for Mexico’s southern border with Guatemala.
Reyes and Rodríguez then embraced Rosario Ocampo, the niece of Lucio Cabañas (1939-1974), a rural schoolteacher and leader of the insurgent Partido de los Pobres (Party of the Poor). Her family were displaced from their home and forced to flee from the southern state of Guerrero after the legendary guerrilla fighter’s widow was murdered two months ago.
“Thank you so much!” murmurs Ocampo, who joined the Peace Caravan just two days ago. Led by poet Javier Sicilia, the caravan is headed south to pick up supporters of the movement, which opposes the militarisation of the country in the fight against drug trafficking.
On the fourth day of the caravan’s progress, Sicilia was welcomed with flowers and incense by people from 16 indigenous communities at the ancient Zapotec ceremonial centre at Monte Albán in Oaxaca state.
“This caravan is strengthening awareness and strengthening hearts, and it is making people stand up tall,” said Carmelina Santiago, of the Flor y Canto Indigenous Rights Centre.
Some 500,000 undocumented migrants from Central and South America cross Mexico every year in their attempt to reach the United States, according to estimates from academics and human rights groups. Along the way, they face the risk of arbitrary arrest, extortion, theft, assault, rape, kidnapping and murder, at the hands of youth gangs and organised crime, as well as corrupt police and other agents of the state.
The caravan will then travel through territory under the influence of the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), a barely-armed indigenous rebel group that laid down its weapons after just two weeks of skirmishes with the army in the first two weeks of 1994.
The participants will celebrate the anniversary of Mexico’s independence from Spain there on Sept. 16.
On the weekend of Sept. 10-11, the caravan drove through three towns in Guerrero, where more accounts were gathered about victims of the scathing violence that has devastated the country since President Felipe Calderón launched his crusade against the drug cartels in early 2007.
In the southwestern port of Acapulco, one of Mexico’s leading tourist centres, thousands of people dressed in white flocked to an extraordinary march along the seafront promenade Sunday Sept. 11, to express support for the movement for justice and against violence.
In contrast with other marches Sicilia has organised, media coverage has been remarkably low-key. The poet previously headed a walking march from Cuernavaca to Mexico City and a motorcade covering over 3,000 km to Ciudad Juárez in the north, on the border with the United States.
Media attention is currently centred on the campaigns for the nomination of candidates for the 2012 presidential elections, and on the opening of ordinary sessions in the lower house of Congress.
“Apparently they don’t care about the south,” a close associate of Sicilia’s told IPS.
However, the caravan has enabled family members of the victims of the violence generated by the “war on drugs” waged by the federal government, and of the structural violence that criminalises social protest, to come together.
“There has always been violence in Guerrero, caused by corruption and extreme poverty, and there has always been drug trafficking: all the heroin in the country is produced in this state,” Ricardo Espinosa, the uncle of Adriana Morlett, a student at the National Autonomous University of Mexico who disappeared Sept. 6, 2010, told IPS.
“But in recent years we have experienced disproportionate violence and cruelty of a kind we had never seen before,” he said.
Some 600 people are on the Peace Caravan, riding in 15 trucks and a dozen cars along the winding roads of the south and southeast.
At their nightly campsites, victims of the clash between government security forces and organised crime mingle with groups with a long history of social struggle.
Among them is Tita Radilla, the daughter of Rosendo Radilla who disappeared 30 years ago, and whose case resulted in the only condemnation of the Mexican state by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights for crimes against humanity.
Radilla complained that President Calderón has not complied with the verdict of the Court, and blamed him for the violence that has left more than 40,000 people dead and 10,000 disappeared, and has displaced 700,000 people from their homes since January 2007.
Macario García, leader of the Independent Movement for Triqui Unity and Struggle (MULTI), said: “This war of extermination is not only happening in San Juan Copala (a town under siege whose indigenous Triqui residents have been displaced from their land), but all over the country.”
“This caravan has made us feel stronger,” Nepomuceno Moreno from Sonora state told IPS. He is looking for his son, who has been missing since July 2010.