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Arabs Rise for Rights

Bedouin Resist Israeli Shove

Eid Hamis Jahalin from Khan Al-Ahmar village warns of the dangers from the eviction of Bedouin people. Credit: Jillian Kestler-D’Amours/IPS.

KHAN AL-AHMAR, Occupied West Bank, Apr 29 2013 (IPS) - Dozens of metal and wooden tents cling to the rocky hillside, just outside of Jerusalem along the road leading to the Dead Sea, while the unmistakable red roofs of Israeli settlements peak out from behind opposite hilltops.

For 49-year-old Eid Hamis Jahalin, this quiet spot symbolises the potential centre of peace in the region, and one thing is clear: his family must be allowed to stay in its community.

“The Bedouin are fighting to exist (here) since 1967. Israel has been trying to displace us since then,” Jahalin said, sipping tea in the shade of his family’s tent in the village of Khan Al-Ahmar. The Bedouin are an indigenous people

“The whole world is talking about two states and two governments. If they get the Jahalin out of here, the border of Jerusalem will be the Dead Sea and the Jordan Valley. After that, where can you have two states?” Jahalin told IPS.

Last week, local human rights groups announced that the Israeli Ministry of Defence is soon expected to unveil a new relocation plan for almost two dozen Bedouin communities living in the Jerusalem periphery, including Khan Al-Ahmar.

This proposal involves forcibly displacing some 3,000 Jahalin Bedouin to an area in Nwei’mah near the city Jericho in the Jordan Valley, which would be under Palestinian Authority control.

“It would put them all together in blocks of 800 units, which of course were not created according to the needs of these communities. They are very small plots. The density is too high. There will be no area for grazing, and this area is already used by other Bedouin communities,” said Alon Cohen-Lifshitz, an architect with Israeli planning rights group Bimkom.

The new plan would also place the Jahalin community between numerous restricted areas, including an Israeli closed military zone, checkpoint and settlements, and a Palestinian Authority security forces training area.

The Israeli government, however, says moving the Bedouin from their current location will greatly improve the quality and level of services they receive.

“They are living there illegally and we are looking at a series of options,” Guy Inbar, spokesperson for the Israeli Civil Administration, told The Media Line, adding that no plan has been finalised yet.

“We want the Bedouin to live in an area where they get all the infrastructure they need, like water and electricity, instead of living in tents that could be demolished.”

“It’s like being a sardine in a tin, one next to another."
The Israeli Civil Administration is an Israeli military body that governs Area C of the occupied West Bank, which accounts for 60 percent of all the West Bank. Area C is under full Israeli control, and the Civil Administration regulates all Palestinian building and planning therein.

According to Cohen-Lifshitz, numerous Israeli restrictions have made it so that Palestinian construction in Area C is only allowed on one percent of the land.

“They are trying to create a huge pressure with the demolition orders, with other restrictions, and creating what’s called the silent transfer. If (Palestinians) understand that they cannot live freely in Area C, then people will move to Area A and B, where they can build and live without restrictions,” he told IPS.

The Jahalin Bedouin tribe was evicted from its land near Tel Arad, in Israel’s southern Negev desert region, in the early 1950s. Since then, the community has lived on the outskirts of Jerusalem. It is now surrounded by a handful of Israeli settlements, including the mega-settlement Ma’ale Adumim, which has a population of 40,000.

Residents of Khan Al-Ahmar don’t have access to running water or electricity, and each structure in the village, including the local school, is subject to an Israeli demolition order. Israeli settlement expansion – including construction in the E-1 corridor located near Khan Al-Ahmar – also continues to threaten the village. The expansion would sever East Jerusalem from the rest of the West Bank.

In the late 1990s, in an earlier effort to expand Ma’ale Adumim, Israel displaced 200 Bedouin families living near Jerusalem to a new location near the municipal dumping grounds in Abu Dis, posing a serious health hazard for residents.

“Previously relocated families report negative consequences, including health concerns, loss of livelihood, deteriorated living conditions, loss of tribal cohesion and erosion of traditional lifestyles,” the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) found.

The latest round of expulsions was quietly unveiled in October 2011, with the Israeli Civil Administration hinting that approximately 27,000 Bedouins would be evicted from their homes in the Jordan Valley area within three to six years.

The first phase of this plan – which was met with staunch local and international condemnation – involved expelling the Jahalin near Ma’ale Adumim.

At the time, the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), which supports Palestinian refugees, stated that efforts to move the Jahalin, “may amount to individual and mass forcible transfers and forced evictions contrary to international humanitarian and international human rights law”.

According to Eid Jahalin in Khan Al-Ahmar, the Israeli government must abandon its new plan to relocate the community. The state has only two options, he said: allow the Jahalin to live peacefully in their current location, or let them go back to their original lands in the Negev.

“I want to live in a Bedouin village,” Jahalin said. “It’s like being a sardine in a tin, one next to another. Take that (relocation) plan and show it to Israelis and see if they would want to live there. Nobody would live there.” (END)

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  • lightweaver1213

    I sure am not in agreement with this proposal which would involve “forcibly displacing some 3,000 Jahalin Bedouin to an area in Nwei’mah near the city Jericho in the Jordan Valley, which would be under Palestinian Authority control.” The Israeli people know all too well from firsthand experiences through their 5,778 years of biblical history what it is like to be forcibly removed from your homes; and look how many years it took the Jews in flight from Egypt to get to the promised land. Yet they forget the pain and agony of being ripped from their land, some from their birthplaces, and ultimately their homes. But just because the Jews overcame their tribulations and the loss of Jewish lives through these years does not mean that they have the right to force this behavior on another community of people. The Jews were also bedouins at one point in time going back to the history of Abraham, Issac, and so forth, and they knew how difficult living that type of life could be, but it was all they knew.

    Well the Jahalin Bedouin people, like the Jews, were born into that life, and learned that it was a life they would live and enjoy. But now Israel is talking about forcing them off to move elsewhere. The worse is that they are not providing a move of 3,000 bedouin families in a comparative move. No, they want to compartmentalize as many families as possible into attached homes all neat in a row! How awful is that? Would they tolerate that for the Israeli people? I think not. According to Eid Jahalin in Khan Al-Ahmar (the man interviewed for this artical) Israel has two choices: 1) allow the Jahalin to live peacefully in their current location, or 2) let them go back to their original lands in the Negev. This to me would meet the international humanitarian and human rights laws according to UNRWA and would also be in agreement with guidelines according to the UNOCHA.

    I just don’t get it? Where does one group of people get off forcing another group of people to relocate? I truly believe that Israel could and would pull a stunt like this because of their poor decision making in the settlements built on the West Bank, and with respect to Gaza’s use of that land being taken away. After some 5,778 years, and with all that God has provided them with, they still just don’t get it! The Jahalin Bedouin should not be forced from their land, their livelihood nor their community because of poor judgement that Israel has used in recent and remote past where land deals are concerned.


  • martaz

    The Germans did it to the Jews, the Romany, the Poles, the Ukrainians, and anyone they considered inferior.
    Now the Jews are doing it to the Palestinians, the Beduin, and anyone they consider inferior.
    The horror never seems to end.

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